First - Unraveling the Languages: Two unrelated discoveries of trilingual inscriptions in stone during this period led to unraveling the mysteries of Egyptian hieroglyphic symbols and Mesopotamian cuneiform characters.
The first trilingual record was the "Rosetta Stone" discovered in 1799 by one of Napoleon's soldiers while digging a trench in Egypt.
Cuneiform records on clay tablets found at Nimrud have silenced the critic's cry that the Bible is false.
By 1836 he managed to translate the Old Persian and by 1845 the other two languages were deciphered.
With this breakthrough, scholars were now able to read the meaning of literally thousands of cuneiform records from all over Mesopotamia.
The Name of Tiglath-Pileser III: In 1 Chronicles the beginning of the Assyrian captivity of the northern kingdom of Israel is described thusly: And the Lord God of Israel stirred up the spirit of Pul, King of Assyria, and the spirit of Tiglath-Pilneser, king of Assyria and he carried away even the Reubenites and Gadites, and the half tribe of Manasseh, and brought them into Halah and Habor, and Hara, and to the river Gozan, unto this day.
At first this seems to be a contradiction by describing two separate kings of Assyria with the names of Pul and Tiglath-Pilneser.
The discipline of Biblical Archaeology provides support and understanding for the veracity of the Scriptures, however, its purpose is not to "prove" the Bible.